The World s Top 10 Biotechnology Companies (JNJ, ROG.VX)
In 1919, Hungarian agricultural engineer Karl Ereky coined the term “biotechnology ” to describe the merging of biology and technology. Ereky’s vision has been realized by thousands of companies and research institutions that are developing a growing list of biotechnology products. While the big money in biotech is in pharmaceuticals, medical devices and diagnostics, many advances are also being made to develop more-resilient crops, biofuels, biomaterials and pollution controls.
In general, any medicine made with or derived from living organisms is considered a biotech therapy, or biologic. The industry is rapidly changing through a flurry of mergers and acquisitions (M A), and these multinational corporations are positioning themselves to capitalize on the growing health care needs of the world.
1) Johnson Johnson
Founded in 1886 and headquartered in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Johnson Johnson (NYSE: JNJ ) is a multinational pharmaceutical, medical devices and consumer packaged goods manufacturer. Johnson Johnson manufactures, markets or distributes more than 172 drugs in the United States, including brands such as Tylenol, Zyrtec, Motrin and Sudafed. The company’s pharmaceutical segment focuses on immunology, neuroscience, infectious disease and oncology.
As of 2015, the company employs 126,500 people, has sales of $74 billion, assets of $131 billion, market capitalization of $283.4 billion and is a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Founded in Switzerland in 1896, Roche (NASDAQ: ROG.VX) calls itself the largest biotech company in the world, with 14 biopharmaceuticals on the market. Roche has long been at the forefront of cancer research and treatment, creating medicines for breast, skin, colon, ovarian, lung and other cancers. It is a leader in tissue-based cancer diagnostics, diabetes management and in-vitro diagnostics, and it has developed breakthrough treatments in ophthalmology and neuroscience. As of 2015, Roche has 88,500 employees, sales of $51.6 billion, assets of $76.1 billion and a market capitalization of $229.6 billion.
Switzerland-based Novartis (NYSE: NVS ) was founded in 1996 through a merger of Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz. Novartis focuses its business on pharmaceuticals, eye care and generics. It is expanding its presence in the emerging markets of Asia, Africa and Latin America, where there is high demand for medicines and health care. The company’s pharmaceutical division is among the world leaders at developing and commercializing oncology, primary care and specialty medicines. As of 2015, Novartis has 133,000 employees worldwide, sales of $53.6 billion, assets of $225.8 billion and a market capitalization of $204 billion.
Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE ) is a research-based global biopharmaceutical company founded in 1849 and headquartered in New York City. In 2015, the company agreed to acquire Botox maker Allergan for $160 billion in the largest inversion deal in history and the largest-ever acquisition in the health care sector. When completed, the merger will create the largest biotech company in the world, and it plans to be headquartered in Ireland, where Allergan is headquartered. As of 2015, Pfizer has sales of $49.6 billion, assets of $169.3 billion and a market capitalization of $200 billion.
Founded in 1891 and headquartered in New Jersey, Merck Co. Inc. (NYSE: MRK ) is a global company that produces prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies, and consumer and animal health products. Its core product categories include diabetes, cancer, vaccines and hospital acute care. It specializes in creating treatments for cancer, hepatitis C, cardio-metabolic disease, antibiotic-resistant infection and Alzheimer’s disease. Merck is also investing heavily in the fight against emerging global pandemics, such as Ebola. As of 2015, Merck has sales of $42.2 billion, assets of $98.3 billion and a market capitalization of $150 billion.
6) Gilead Sciences
Gilead Sciences Inc. (NASDAQ: GILD ) is headquartered in California. Its primary areas of focus include HIV/AIDS, liver diseases such as hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus, and serious cardiovascular/metabolic and respiratory conditions. Gilead has produced a number of firsts, including complete treatment regimens for HIV infection in a once-daily pill and the first oral antiretroviral pill to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV in certain high-risk adults. As of 2015, Gilead has sales of $25 billion, assets of $34.7 billion and a market capitalization of $147.1 billion.
7) Novo Nordisk
Novo Nordisk (NYSE: NVO ) is a multinational biotech company headquartered in Denmark, with production facilities in seven countries and affiliates or offices in 75 countries, with 41,000 employees worldwide. Its primary focus is diabetes care, hemophilia care, growth hormone therapy and hormone replacement therapy. The company makes several drugs under various brand names, including Levemir, NovoLog, Novolin R, NovoSeven, NovoEight and Victoza. As of 2015, its sales are $15.8 billion, it has assets of $12.5 billion and its market capitalization is $146 billion.
Headquartered in Thousand Oaks, California, Amgen Inc. (NASDAQ: AMGN ) focuses on human therapeutics and concentrates on new medicines based on advances in cellular and molecular biology. It markets recombinant protein therapeutics in supportive cancer care, nephrology and inflammation. Amgen also develops treatments for kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, bone disease and other serious illnesses. As of 2015, Amgen has sales of $20 billion, assets of $69 billion and a market capitalization of $120 billion.
Based in New York City, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. (NYSE: BMY ) manufactures prescription pharmaceuticals for treating cancer, HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis and psychiatric disorders. Some of its marketed medicines include Plavix, Abilify and Opdivo, which treats advanced stage cancer that has grown or spread.
Bristol-Myers Squibb was formed in 1989 with the merger of Bristol-Myers and the Squibb Corporation. M A has led to recent company growth. Bristol-Myers Squibb acquired iPierian for $725 million in 2015 and Flexus Biosciences for $1.25 billion in 2015. As of 2015, Bristol-Myers Squibb has sales of $15.9 billion, assets of $33.8 billion and a market capitalization of $114.6 billion.
Sanofi (NYSE: SNY ) is a French multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Paris. The company specializes in diabetes solutions, human vaccines, innovative drugs, consumer health care, emerging markets, animal health and Genzyme. The company has a global presence in over 100 countries including the United States with Sanofi U.S. headquartered in Bridgewater, New Jersey, employing 17,000 throughout the country. As of 2015, Sanofi has sales of $44.8 billion, assets of $177.9 billion and a market capitalization of $109.5 billion.